Lutein Complex Supplementation Increases Ocular Blood Flow Biomarkers in Healthy Subjects

To investigate the effects of a lutein complex supplementation on ocular blood flow in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods: Sixteen healthy female patients (mean age 36.8 ± 12.1 years) were enrolled in this randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, two-period crossover study. Subjects received daily an oral dose of the lutein with synergistic phytochemicals complex (lutein (10 mg), … Continued

Characterizing the effect of supplements on the phenotype of cultured macrophages from patients with age-related macular degeneration

Oral vitamin and mineral supplements reduce the risk of visual loss in age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, the pathways that mediate this beneficial effect are poorly understood. Macrophages may exert oxidative, inflammatory, and angiogenic effects in the context of AMD. We aim to assess if oral supplements can modulate the macrophage phenotype in this disease.

Interactions of dietary carotenoids with activated (singlet) oxygen and free radicals: Potential effects for human health

Molecular mechanisms associated with the anti-/pro-oxidative properties of carotenoids (CARs) are described in organic solvents, micro-heterogeneous environments and model lipid membranes and in cellular suspensions. Singlet oxygen is important in the skin and eye and CARs are efficient singlet oxygen (SO) quenchers with corresponding rate constants near diffusion controlled (typically app. 1010 M−1 s−1) with … Continued